United Auto Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc.

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Determined whether a policy that prohibits women of childbearing age from participating in occupations that could be detrimental to their reproductive capacities constitutes sex discrimination.

Full Case Title: 

United Auto Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (1991)
  • Workplace Equality and Economic Empowerment


  • Rights of Pregnant Women
  • Authored Amicus Brief



The Supreme Court rules that employers cannot treat all women of childbearing age as "potentially pregnant," by holding that a factory cannot bar women from certain jobs based on the potential risk should they become pregnant.