Maryland--Laws Relating to Pregnancy


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Pregnancy Related Disability Accommodation

It is an unlawful employment practice to discriminate based on sex.[1] The Maryland courts have held that this Act applies to pregnancy discrimination.[2]

For the text of the statute, click here.

For the text of the case, click here.

Pregnancy Accommodation

Maryland does not provide additional protections to the federal law.

Pregnancy Related Disability Accommodation

A pregnant employee can request a reasonable accommodation for a disability caused or contributed to by pregnancy. Once the employee has requested the accommodation, the employer should explore all possible ways to provide it, including but not limited to changing the employee’s job duties and/or work hours, providing leave or transferring the employee to a less strenuous position. The accommodation should be provided for as long as it does not create undue hardship for the employer.

*Applies to all employers who employ at least 15 people for each working day of at least 20 calendar weeks in any given year.

To read the full text of the statute, click here.

Breastfeeding Rights

A mother may breast-feed her child in any public or private location in which the mother and child are authorized to be. A person may not restrict or limit the right of a mother to breast-feed her child. It is unclear whether this authorization extends to a woman’s place of public employment.[4]

For the text of the statute, click here.

Family and Childcare Leave Laws

All Employers – Sick Leave

An employer who provides leave with pay to an employee following the birth of the employee's child, shall provide the same leave for an adoption.[5]

For the text of the statute, click here.

For the federal Pregnancy Discrimination Act, click here.

For the federal Family and Medical Leave Act, click here.

For further information on your pregnancy rights, contact Legal Momentum.

Copyright 2013 Legal Momentum

[1] Md. Code, State Gov’t § 20–606

[2] See Ferdinand-Davenport v. Children’s Guild, 742 F. Supp. 2d 772 (D. Md. 2010)

[3] Md. Code, State Gov’t § 20–609

[4] Md. Code, Health-Gen. § 20-801

[5] Md. Code. Ann., Lab. & Empl. 3-802