Minnesota--Laws Relating to Pregnancy


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Prohibitions against Pregnancy Discrimination

Minnesota does not provide additional protections to the federal law.

Pregnancy Accommodation

It is an unfair employment practice not to treat women affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related disabilities the same as other persons who are not so affected but who are similar in their ability or inability to work, including a duty to make reasonable accommodations. Reasonable accommodation means steps which must be taken to accommodate the known physical or mental limitations of a qualified disabled person.[1]

For the text of the statute, click here.

It is not an unfair employment practice for an employer to provide special safety considerations for pregnant women involved in tasks which are potentially hazardous to the health of the unborn child, as determined by medical criteria.[2]

For the text of the statute, click here.

Pregnancy-related Disability Accommodation

Minnesota does not specifically accommodate pregnancy or its attendant medical conditions as a disability, but see above.

Breastfeeding Rights

All employers with one or more employees shall provide a reasonable amount of unpaid break time or allow her to use existing paid break time to accommodate an employee desiring to express breast milk for the employee's infant child. An employer is not required to provide break time if it would unduly disrupt the operations of the employer. The employer must make reasonable efforts to provide a room, other than a toilet stall, close to the work area, for an employee to express breast milk in private. The employer would be held harmless if reasonable effort has been made.[3]

For the text of the statute, click here.

Family and Childcare Leave Laws

Employers with 21 to 49  Employees – Family and Medical  Leave

Employees are guaranteed 6 weeks of unpaid family and medical leave. During this time, health insurance coverage will continue but employee can be required to pay the full cost of coverage if he or she does not return to employment after the 6 weeks. The employee is guaranteed return to his or her previous job or an equivalent position of skill, pay, and benefits.[4]

For the text of the statute, click here.

Sick Leave Benefits

An employee may use personal sick leave benefits for absences due to an illness of or injury to the employee's child for such reasonable periods as the employee's attendance with the child may be necessary, on the same terms the employee is able to use sick leave benefits for the employee's own illness or injury. Personal sick leave benefits do not include short-term or long-term disability or other salary continuation benefits.[5]

For the text of the statute, click here.

For the federal Pregnancy Discrimination Act, click here.

For the federal Family and Medical Leave Act, click here.

For further information on your pregnancy rights, contact Legal Momentum.

Copyright 2013 Legal Momentum

[1] Minn. Stat. § 363A.08

[2] Minn. Stat. § 363A.20

[3] Minn. Stat. § 181.939

[4] Minn. Stat. § 181.941

[5] Minn. Stat. § 181.942