Employment and Work

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  • Determined the right of a female laborer to bring claims of sex discrimination for being forced by her employer to do the most menial work on a job site while being denied more lucrative opportunities
  • Determined whether, if an employee can show that the employer’s stated reason for firing her was pretext, her case can go to a jury to decide whether the employer unlawfully discriminated.
  • Determined the right to sue a state university under Section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment for violating the Equal Pay Act.
  • Addressed the right of domestic violence victims to protection from employment discharge under North Carolina public policy.
  • Determined whether a municipality can discard results from an otherwise valid civil service exam when the results of the exam unintentionally prevent the promotion of minority candidates.
  • Determined whether Title VII of the Civil Rights Act prohibited employers from offering the option of receiving retirement benefits from companies that paid lower monthly retirement benefits to women than to men.
  • Determined whether an employer violates federal anti-discrimination law (Title VII) by excluding contraceptives from a prescription drug plan that covers other prescriptions.
  • Determined whether an organization is considered place of public accommodation when its purpose is to build relationships that would advance leadership skills, and therefore cannot discriminate on the basis of sex.
  • Determined whether a policy that prohibits women of childbearing age from participating in occupations that could be detrimental to their reproductive capacities constitutes sex discrimination.
  • Determined whether an employer violates Title VII when, in making post-Pregnancy Discrimination Act (“PDA”) eligibility determinations for pension and benefits, the employer does not restore service credit lost by female employees when they took pregnancy leaves under pre-PDA policies.
  • Determined the availability of unemployment insurance under New York law for a victim of domestic violence who leaves her job to relocate in order to escape abuser.
  • Determined evidence requirements to prove discriminatory intent in a prima facie discrimination case under Title VII for discrimination in promotion.

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